Thanks so much! The issue is very random, but can reproduce may in stress for 12 hour, I
want to do some file system stress, but need to find out the mainly cause or steps of this
issue first. I reproduce this panic by the process you mentioned with the following steps.
But still unknown is this the root cause.
1) force free a inode with used by one file by debugfs freei commond (boot from another
filesystem from sdcard).
2) boot the system, create one new file. The file will use the same inode which I
3) deleted the new created file. Then drop the cache by #echo 3 >
4) run #ls and it will cause ext4 error and kernel panic.
But I still have some questions, because each boot up of the system, will run fsck, if
the filesystem is corrupted, I think it will fix it. But looks like after do the step 1)
when boot up fsck can find this free but used inode error. Unless I run fsck.ext4 with -f.
we often showdown the power directly, this can cause dirty inode bit map?
I check the kernel fs code, it's very complex, when delete a file from parent
dentry, will use a bh to read the dentry and then delete the entry of the file in bh, and
then mark the bh dirty. Wait for vm flush this dirty page to block device(?). but on the
other side parent dentry cache may put in unused lru list, which may be freed when memory
pressure. Is there any synchronous with dirty page flush and dcache flush? Thanks!
发件人: Theodore Ts'o [mailto:email@example.com]
发送时间: 2016年4月14日 11:22
收件人: Eric Shang
抄送: Matthew Wilcox; Toshi Kani; akpm(a)linux-foundation.org; dan.j.williams(a)intel.com;
viro(a)zeniv.linux.org.uk; ross.zwisler(a)linux.intel.com; kirill.shutemov(a)linux.intel.com;
david(a)fromorbit.com; jack(a)suse.cz; adilger.kernel(a)dilger.ca; linux-nvdimm(a)lists.01.org;
linux-fsdevel(a)vger.kernel.org; linux-ext4(a)vger.kernel.org; xfs(a)oss.sgi.com;
主题: Re: ext4 error
On Wed, Apr 13, 2016 at 01:44:55PM +0000, Eric Shang wrote:
I meet an ext4 error, following is the error log. After panic, I check the emmc by the
tool debufs, the inode 69878 i_nlink is not zero. And this inode don't belong to
parent dir 6987, it belong to other file(this inode belong to two files when check by
debugfs ncheck), I guess than this inode has beed deleted in memory and already used by
other file. But the parent dentry buff_head not flush to emmc. But when lookup this dentry
can't find it' in dentry cache, and then lookup_real, read the dentry from emmc,
get the file inode which already be deleted.
Can any give me some help how to check this issue. My kernel version is 3.18 form
Android . I thinks something wrong with dentry cache flush and dirty buff_head flush to
emmc. Thanks all!
If I had to guess, this was caused starting with a corrupted file system, where the inode
allocation bitmap showed that an inode which was in use by the file system, was
erroneously showing it as free.
This allowed it to be allocated for use in a second file (which would have wiped out the
contents for the original file stored at that inode). Later on, the file was deleted via
either the older or newer pathname, which dropped the ref count to zero, and then an
access via the other pathname would have resulted in this error.
After the panic, the on-disk data structures wouldn't have been updated from whatever
the in-memory data structures might have been ("Kernel panic - not syncing").
So what you see from using debugfs after the crash might not be represenatative of what
you saw before the crash.
I'm not sure there's much debugging that can be done, because there are any number
of sources for the original corruption. It could be caused by a hardware issue in the
flash or the memory, or it could be caused by a wild pointer corrupting a disk buffer,
etc. etc. The panic won't result in a useful stack trace because that's when the
problem was *noticed*. But that's very different from where the file system
corruption was *introduced*.
If you can reliably reproduce this sort of failure, then it becomes possible to try to
track it down. But if it's a one-off event, there's not much anyone can do.