[edk2] [PATCH 05/13] MdePkg/Library/BaseLib/AArch64: Add AsmLfence function

Ard Biesheuvel ard.biesheuvel at linaro.org
Fri Dec 14 05:53:51 PST 2018


On Fri, 14 Dec 2018 at 13:13, Jagadeesh Ujja <jagadeesh.ujja at arm.com> wrote:
>
> Variable service driver includes a call to AsmLfence. To reuse this
> driver on AArch64 based platforms, add an implementation of AsmLfence
> that acts as a wrapper on the AArch64 specific MemoryFence function.
>
> Contributed-under: TianoCore Contribution Agreement 1.1
> Signed-off-by: Jagadeesh Ujja <jagadeesh.ujja at arm.com>
> ---
>  MdePkg/Include/Library/BaseLib.h             | 33 +++++++++------
>  MdePkg/Library/BaseLib/AArch64/AsmLfence.S   | 42 ++++++++++++++++++++
>  MdePkg/Library/BaseLib/AArch64/AsmLfence.asm | 41 +++++++++++++++++++
>  MdePkg/Library/BaseLib/BaseLib.inf           |  2 +
>  4 files changed, 105 insertions(+), 13 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/MdePkg/Include/Library/BaseLib.h b/MdePkg/Include/Library/BaseLib.h
> index 8cc0869..ca961ee 100644
> --- a/MdePkg/Include/Library/BaseLib.h
> +++ b/MdePkg/Include/Library/BaseLib.h
> @@ -7697,19 +7697,6 @@ AsmWriteTr (
>    );
>
>  /**
> -  Performs a serializing operation on all load-from-memory instructions that
> -  were issued prior the AsmLfence function.
> -
> -  Executes a LFENCE instruction. This function is only available on IA-32 and x64.
> -
> -**/
> -VOID
> -EFIAPI
> -AsmLfence (
> -  VOID
> -  );
> -
> -/**
>    Patch the immediate operand of an IA32 or X64 instruction such that the byte,
>    word, dword or qword operand is encoded at the end of the instruction's
>    binary representation.
> @@ -7752,4 +7739,24 @@ PatchInstructionX86 (
>    );
>
>  #endif // defined (MDE_CPU_IA32) || defined (MDE_CPU_X64)
> +
> +#if defined (MDE_CPU_IA32) || defined (MDE_CPU_X64) || defined (MDE_CPU_AARCH64)
> +
> +/**
> +  Performs a serializing operation on all load-from-memory instructions that
> +  were issued prior the AsmLfence function.
> +
> +  In case of IA-32 and x64, Executes a LFENCE instruction.
> +
> +  In case of AArch64 this acts as a wrapper on the AArch64
> +  specific MemoryFence function
> +
> +**/
> +VOID
> +EFIAPI
> +AsmLfence (
> +  VOID
> +  );
> +
> +#endif  // defined (MDE_CPU_IA32) || defined (MDE_CPU_X64) || defined (MDE_CPU_AARCH64)
>  #endif // !defined (__BASE_LIB__)
> diff --git a/MdePkg/Library/BaseLib/AArch64/AsmLfence.S b/MdePkg/Library/BaseLib/AArch64/AsmLfence.S
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000..2fd804b
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/MdePkg/Library/BaseLib/AArch64/AsmLfence.S
> @@ -0,0 +1,42 @@
> +##------------------------------------------------------------------------------
> +#
> +# AsmLfence() for AArch64
> +#
> +# Copyright (c) 2013-2018, ARM Ltd. All rights reserved.
> +#
> +# This program and the accompanying materials
> +# are licensed and made available under the terms and conditions of the BSD License
> +# which accompanies this distribution.  The full text of the license may be found at
> +# http://opensource.org/licenses/bsd-license.php.
> +#
> +# THE PROGRAM IS DISTRIBUTED UNDER THE BSD LICENSE ON AN "AS IS" BASIS,
> +# WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR REPRESENTATIONS OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED.
> +#
> +##------------------------------------------------------------------------------
> +
> +.text
> +.p2align 2
> +
> +GCC_ASM_EXPORT(AsmLfence)
> +
> +# IMPORT
> +GCC_ASM_IMPORT(MemoryFence)
> +
> +#/**
> +#  Used to serialize load and store operations.
> +#
> +#  All loads and stores that proceed calls to this function are guaranteed to be
> +#  globally visible when this function returns.
> +#
> +#**/
> +#VOID
> +#EFIAPI
> +#AsmLfence (
> +#  VOID
> +#  );
> +#
> +ASM_PFX(AsmLfence):
> +    stp   x29, x30, [sp, #-16]!
> +    bl MemoryFence
> +    ldp   x29, x30, [sp], #0x10
> +    ret

Any reason we can't simply do

b MemoryFence

here?

Also, why I understand the rationale, I still think it would be better
to change callers of the [x86 specific] AsmLfence() than to introduce
an alias of MemoryFence() for architectures where Lfence is not
defined.

This is not only about tidiness, but also about potentially having
different semantics, which we can't provide in general on ARM, but
only in particular cases [such as the code that is modified in this
series]

In other words, newly introduced occurrences of AsmLfence() now have
to be audited for being appropriate on AArc64 if they are added to
generic code.


> diff --git a/MdePkg/Library/BaseLib/AArch64/AsmLfence.asm b/MdePkg/Library/BaseLib/AArch64/AsmLfence.asm
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000..7dd5659
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/MdePkg/Library/BaseLib/AArch64/AsmLfence.asm
> @@ -0,0 +1,41 @@
> +;------------------------------------------------------------------------------
> +;
> +; AsmLfence() for AArch64
> +;
> +; Copyright (c) 2013-2018, ARM Ltd. All rights reserved.
> +;
> +; This program and the accompanying materials
> +; are licensed and made available under the terms and conditions of the BSD License
> +; which accompanies this distribution.  The full text of the license may be found at
> +; http://opensource.org/licenses/bsd-license.php.
> +;
> +; THE PROGRAM IS DISTRIBUTED UNDER THE BSD LICENSE ON AN "AS IS" BASIS,
> +; WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR REPRESENTATIONS OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED.
> +;
> +;------------------------------------------------------------------------------
> +
> +  EXPORT AsmLfence
> +  AREA BaseLib_LowLevel, CODE, READONLY
> +  # IMPORT
> +  GCC_ASM_IMPORT(MemoryFence)
> +
> +;/**
> +;  Used to serialize load and store operations.
> +;
> +;  All loads and stores that proceed calls to this function are guaranteed to be
> +;  globally visible when this function returns.
> +;
> +;**/
> +;VOID
> +;EFIAPI
> +;AsmLfence (
> +;  VOID
> +;  );
> +;
> +AsmLfence
> +    stp   x29, x30, [sp, #-16]!
> +    bl MemoryFence
> +    ldp   x29, x30, [sp], #0x10
> +    ret
> +
> +  END
> diff --git a/MdePkg/Library/BaseLib/BaseLib.inf b/MdePkg/Library/BaseLib/BaseLib.inf
> index b84e583..b7d7bcb 100644
> --- a/MdePkg/Library/BaseLib/BaseLib.inf
> +++ b/MdePkg/Library/BaseLib/BaseLib.inf
> @@ -585,6 +585,7 @@
>    Math64.c
>
>    AArch64/MemoryFence.S             | GCC
> +  AArch64/AsmLfence.S               | GCC
>    AArch64/SwitchStack.S             | GCC
>    AArch64/EnableInterrupts.S        | GCC
>    AArch64/DisableInterrupts.S       | GCC
> @@ -593,6 +594,7 @@
>    AArch64/CpuBreakpoint.S           | GCC
>
>    AArch64/MemoryFence.asm           | MSFT
> +  AArch64/AsmLfence.asm             | MSFT
>    AArch64/SwitchStack.asm           | MSFT
>    AArch64/EnableInterrupts.asm      | MSFT
>    AArch64/DisableInterrupts.asm     | MSFT
> --
> 2.7.4
>


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